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Double Happiness Symbol in Chinese Weddings

Various traditions and cultures have varying ways in conducting and celebrating wedding ceremonies. They also have a variety of relevant wedding components that should not be forgotten during ceremonies. In China, one of these traditional components is the distribution of Chinese wedding invitations.

What does a Chinese-style Wedding Card usually look like?

Most Chinese wedding invitations come in red color. While the reason for the choice of the colors is still unknown, some say that the colors of wedding invitations were based on one of the famed five emperors in Chinese History. According to the legend, each of the five emperors favored a specific color. The five colors were red, yellow, blue, black, and white. It may be that the color red used for wedding invitations and wedding festivals originated from the Han Dynasty when its first emperor regarded himself as the son of the Red Emperor.

Double Happiness Symbol
Apart from the red color, most Chinese wedding invitations come with some famous characters and elements. These may include:
  • A dragon and a phoenix: In the Chinese tradition, men are often represented as dragons while phoenixes correspond to the women. Thus, a wedding invitation that carries a dragon and a phoenix, symbolizes that the soon-to-be-married couple is a perfect pair.

  • A pair of chicken: "Ji", which refers to chicken in Chinese, also refer to a Chinese character which means good luck. Thus, invitation with two chickens may be regarded as a wish for good fortune for the couple.
However, while these elements are prevalent, the most popular sign that goes with a red color invitation is the Double Happiness Symbol. This is why it is very common to see this symbol on the invitations when it comes to Chinese weddings.

What does the symbol of Double Happiness mean?

The symbol is something that cannot be missed during a Chinese wedding - whether it may be a traditional one or among those which have a more contemporary set-up.

It is usually printed on the invitation with the use of golden hot stamps. It is a declaration that the bride-to-be and the groom-to-be will be united. The symbol, which is composed of two standard Chinese characters used to signify "happiness", means that the couple and their families will now be "together".

Each of the characters that denote happiness is written as "hsi" or "xi" in Mandarin. In the case of the Double Happiness sign, the two "XI" characters signify the happiness of the newlywed couple that are about to spend their lives together. Pronounced as "shuang-xi", the sign generally stands for marital happiness. Note that the symbol or sign is not used in regular Mandarin writing, but is only observed for marital union invitations and declarations.

The Origin of This Chinese Symbol

The story of the Double Happiness sign originated from a student's journey during the Tang Dynasty. According to the story, the boy who was about to take a final examination fell sick on his way to the capital city. Luckily, an herbalist doctor and his daughter helped him. However, the girl did not just make him feel better, she also made him fall in love with her.

Because the girl was in love with the boy, she wanted to make sure if the boy was her perfect match. And so, before the boy left for the capital city, the girl wrote a part of a rhyming couplet on paper, with the hopes that the boy can find its perfect match.

At the examination proper, the boy was able to bag the first place. When the emperor came to assess the boy's skill, he asked him to finish a couplet. Fortunately, the part of the couplet that the emperor gave the boy was the missing match to his love's rhyme.

The boy recited the part of the couplet that the girl wrote for him. Pleased with the young man's answer, the emperor made the boy one of his Ministers. Before taking his post, the boy went back to the girl and recited her couplet's match.

They then got happily married. During their traditional Chinese wedding, the couple wrote the character "XI" twice on a red piece of paper. They posted it on the wall and since then, that double "XI" became the Double Happiness symbol, symbolizing the "doubled" happiness that the couple felt because of their union.

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